How to Access a Secret Login Console in Mac OS


How to Access a Secret Login Console in Mac OS

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Some versions of Mac OS support the ability to login any user account directly to the command line right from the traditional login screen, thereby bypassing the familiar Mac user interface. Instead you’re essentially signing a user directly into the Terminal (a bit like using the ssh client to connect to an SSH server), without having to load the desktop, Finder, WindowServer, or any other frills of the GUI. This can be handy for advanced users who need quick access to the complete command line from a particular user account, but want to skip the complete login and loading of the Mac OS graphical environment. Keep in mind not all versions of system software support this feature however, so it’ll take a bit of discovery to determine which do and which do not.


Before diving in, realize this is really only for advanced Mac users thoroughly comfortable with the command line environment. It’s also important to point out the hidden login Console / Terminal is completely different from Single User Mode or the Recovery Mode Terminal, which are supported on all Macs and Mac OS versions. For one, with the Console Login trick you can login directly as any user on the Mac with user level privileges, whereas Single User Mode always uses a root login with many system services and processes disabled, and is aimed for more administrative purposes. Two common uses of Single User Mode are repairing a disk with fsck and changing an admin password, or other troubleshooting tasks. Single User Mode and Recovery Terminal are really best for troubleshooting and is not an appropriate environment for more generic command line interactions, but the direct Console login can be used just like you would the Terminal app.

Does my MacOS version support Login Terminal / Console?

Console Login is not supported by all versions of Mac OS or Mac OS X. The Console login feature appears to be supported in Mac OS X 10.9.x (Mavericks), 10.8.x (Mountain lion), 10.7.x (Lion), 10.6.x (Snow Leopard), Leopard, Tiger, etc but may or may not be supported in MacoS Mojave (10.14) macOS 10.13.x (High Sierra), macOS 10.12.6 (Sierra), OS X 10.11.6 (El Capitan), or 10.10 Yosemite. Feel free to report in the comments below if you have success with this or not, and your version of system software.

You can attempt to enable the login console in Mac OS / Mac OS X with the following defaults command, and then reboot the Mac to then follow the directions further below to see if you can access the login screen terminal:

sudo defaults write /Library/Preferences/com.apple.loginwindow.plist "DisableConsoleAccess" NO

If you attempt to load the Console from login screen on an unsupported Mac, you will either just see a blank black screen which appears to be inescapable, requiring you to forcibly reboot the Mac, or you will briefly see a flash of white text on the black screen, and then a blank black screen that also requires a reboot to escape. If you know of a way around this, share with us in the comments.

How to Access a Terminal at Login Screen in Mac OS

Note you must have automatic login turned off on the Mac, otherwise you will not have access to the login screen on boot from which to access the console. Remember, not all versions of Mac OS support this feature.

  1. Reboot the Mac as usual
  2. At the login screen, choose “Other”
  3. For username, type the following and then hit return – no password is necessary yet
  4. >console

  5. Hit the Return key
  6. If successful, you will see a login prompt at the command line, as if you just booted up a unix environment without a windowing environment, now enter a user name and password to login directly to the command line as that user
    • NOTE: If unsuccessful, the screen will turn black and you will have to force reboot the Mac by holding down the Power key to exit

Assuming you successfully logged into the login Console, you will have full access to everything you would in a normal Terminal environment, but without any of the Mac OS graphical interface. You can exit out of this environment by rebooting from the command line with the shutdown or reboot commands.

Note you can access the “Other” field whenhiding the login user name list or with the list of users at the logins screen enabled, but it will not work with Automatic Login enabled.

This is a little known trick, and that it’s supported in some versions of Mac OS but not in others further muddies the waters of when and where it will work, and if support has been pulled from modern versions (it appears to be missing from the latest macOS releases). MacWorld referenced the secret login Terminal some time ago and uncovered discussion of the trick from way back in 2002, suggesting that the console login may work in all earlier versions of Mac OS X but not in the most recent versions. To find out definitively what versions support the capability, user exploration in a wide variety of more recent Mac OS releases would be necessary. I was able to successfully access Terminal via the login console on a Mac running Mavericks, but not on a Mac running High Sierra or Sierra, for example. It’s entirely possible this feature is gone for good in modern macOS releases, in which case this will only apply to older Mac OS X system software.

Were you able to access the Login Console on your Mac or with your version of Mac OS? Share your experience in the comments below, and if you know any other tips or tricks relating to the little known login terminal screen, share those too.

How to Remove Stuck Time Machine Backups from Mac Trash Due to System Integrity Protection Error


How to Remove Stuck Time Machine Backups from Mac Trash Due to System Integrity Protection Error

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If you’re trying to remove a Time Machine backup from a drive and find that it’s stuck in the Mac Trash with a specific error message stating the trash can’t be emptied because “Some items in the Trash cannot be deleted because of System Integrity Protection”, then read on to learn how to resolve this particular Time Machine backup removal problem.


Note: this troubleshooting walkthrough is focused exclusively on when a Time Machine backup is stuck in the Trash with the accompanying SIP related error message stating “Some items in the Trash cannot be deleted because of System Integrity Protection” with three options available, ‘Cancel’, ‘Remove Unlocked Items’, and ‘Remove All Items’ – the fixes discussed here will address this error message pertaining to SIP limits on removal of Time Machine backups specifically. There are other possible reasons (and solutions) as to why a Time Machine backup can get stuck in the Trash and nearly impossible to delete, including the seemingly endless “preparing to empty the Trash” message with Time Machine backups, which can also prevent a backup from being trashed the regular way. If you do not see the ‘System Integrity Protection’ error message when trying to remove the Time Machine backup then skip this walkthrough and instead focus on this guide, or even just deleting old Time Machine backups from Time Machine directly on the Mac.

How to Fix Stuck Time Machine Backups in Mac Trash with “items in the Trash cannot be deleted because of System Integrity Protection” Error

As the “Some items in the Trash cannot be deleted because of System Integrity Protection” error message implies, the reason the Time Machine backup is stuck in the Trash and unable to be deleted is because System Integrity Protection, or SIP, is enabled and protecting that particular backup from removal. SIP is a feature that locks down important system files to prevent their removal, but in this particular case it’s also preventing the removal of an old Time Machine backup file. Thus, we’ll temporarily disable SIP, trash the stuck Time Machine backup, then re-enable SIP. Here are the full steps:

  1. Backup the Mac before beginning, either with Time Machine or otherwise
  2. Go to the  Apple menu and choose “Restart” to reboot the Mac
  3. Once you hear the boot sound or see the  Apple logo on screen, press and hold COMMAND and R keys concurrently to boot the Mac into Recovery Mode
  4. Once you see the “MacOS Utilities” (or “OS X Utilities”) screen you’re in Recovery Mode, ignore the initial onscreen options and instead pull down the “Utilities” menu at the top of the screen and then select “Terminal”
  5. At the command line prompt, enter the following command string:
  6. csrutil disable; reboot

  7. Hit “Return” on the keyboard to disable SIP and instantly restart the Mac again
  8. Let the Mac boot up as usual with System Integrity Protection disabled
  9. When the Mac has finished booting up, return to placing the old Time Machine backup in the Mac Trash can and then choose “Empty Trash” to remove the stuck Time Machine backup *
  10. Once the trash emptying process has completed and the once stuck Time Machine backup is deleted, you can now reboot the Mac and re-enable System Integrity Protection
  11. Restart the Mac as usual and immediately hold down COMMAND + R keys again to enter into Recovery Mode
  12. Again pull down the ‘Utilities’ menu and choose “Terminal” then enter the following command string to enable SIP:
  13. csrutil enable; reboot

  14. Hit return to restart the Mac up again as usual, this time with System Integrity Protection enabled again, where you can use the Mac as usual

(Note that deleting a Time Machine backup by dumping it into the Trash and emptying the Trash can take quite a while, so be prepared for that. If the backup is huge, you might want to let it sit overnight as it empties from the Trash successfully, in which case you still want to resume the steps to enable SIP again afterwards.)

Assuming you followed the instructions correctly, you should not see the “Some items in the Trash cannot be deleted because of System Integrity Protection” error message when trying to delete the stuck Time Machine backup from Mac Trash again, it will just empty the Trash as normal.

It’s very important to enable System Integrity Protection again on the Mac, as it offers security and privacy protection benefits that won’t work if it’s disabled. Don’t skip that step after you successfully trash the stuck Time Machine backup file.

* If you are still encountering problems, you can either go to the command line and forcibly delete the backups from the Trash with these instructions, or you can put back the stuck Time Machine backup file and focus on the dated specific backup folder you want to delete, these are contained inside the “Backup.backupdb” directory.

Alternative Method: Using tmutil to Properly Remove the Time Machine Backup

** Another option is to use the command line tmutil command, which is a more proper way to delete an old Time Machine backup in the first place.

To try this approach, you need to have the Time Machine backup in its original location on the backup drive, so first go to the Trash in MacOS and right-click on the stuck backup and choose “Put Back”. Then do the following:

  1. Open the “Terminal” application found in /Applications/Utilities/
  2. Type the following command string, replacing “DRIVENAME” with the name of the Time Machine backup volume, and replacing “SPECIFICBACKUPNAME” with the specific dated backup folder you’re trying to delete:
  3. sudo tmutil delete /Volumes/DRIVENAME/Backups.backupdb/SPECIFICBACKUPNAME

  4. Hit return and enter the admin password as required by sudo, this will instantly delete the Time Machine backup with tmutil

However you resolved the issue, once the stuck Time Machine backup is trashed and removed successfully, you can resume using Time Machine for backups on the Mac as usual.

Time Machine is a great feature, and all Mac users should regularly use Time Machine to backup their entire Mac and personal data so that if something goes awry they can easily restore their machine and data to its proper state.

Did the above trick work for you to successfully remove the stuck Time Machine backups from the Mac Trash? Did you use one method or another, or a different entirely? Share with us in the comments below!

How to set up Sonos speakers and control them on an iPhone or iPad


How to set up Sonos speakers and control them on an iPhone or iPad

How to set up and use Sonos Controller app on iPhone and iPad

Sonos is a wireless smart speaker system that lets you connect up to 32 components and fill your home with audio of your choice. The company offers a variety of speaker styles, five of which are also AirPlay 2 compatible so you can use it with Siri, including Sonos One, Sonos Beam, Sonos Playbase, and the second generation Play:5.

Once you’ve picked your speakers and set up your system, you can control your speakers from any part of your home — all using the handy Sonos Controller app. Here’s how to get started!

  • How to download the Sonos app for iPhone and iPad
  • How to set up your Sonos speaker
  • How to connect a music service to the Sonos Controller app on iPhone and iPad.
  • How to play a streaming service on your Sonos speakers
  • How to add content to My Sonos in the Sonos app
  • How to play music from your iTunes Library on your Sonos speakers
  • How to search for music in the Sonos app

How to download the Sonos app for iPhone and iPad

Before you can start using your new Sonos speakers, you’ll need Sonos’s official app; you can download it for iPhone and iPad from the App Store.

You can also search the App Store for “sonos” at any time to find it.

How to set up your Sonos speaker

When setting up a new Sonos speaker, you’ll follow a slightly different opening process depending on whether you’re a brand new Sonos customer or you already have an account.

When creating a new Sonos account

  1. Launch the Sonos Controller app from your Home screen.
  2. Tap Create account.
  3. Enter your email address and a strong password.
  4. Use the toggle switch to accept the terms and conditions.
  5. Press Create account.
  6. Switch to your email account to confirm your address.
  7. Tap the Verify email address button. The Safari app will automatically open and display a confirmation.
  8. Return to the Sonos app.
  9. Tap Continue.
  10. Tap Continue once more to begin setting up your speakers.
  11. You’ll be asked whether you’d like to set your Sonos network up as a Standard or BOOST network. Most users should pick Standard setup.

  12. Press Next to begin setting up your first speaker.
  13. Continue with the steps below under Add a new speaker.

When using an existing system

  1. Launch the Sonos Controller app from your Home screen.
  2. Tap on the More tab.
  3. Select Settings.
  4. Tap on the Add a Player or SUB option.
  5. Continue with the steps below under Add a new speaker.

Add a new speaker

  1. Connect your Sonos speaker to a power outlet.
  2. Press Next.
  3. Look for a green flashing light on your Sonos device. Once you see it, tap continue.

    Note: If you don’t see the light, tap I’m unsure about the light for troubleshooting tips.

  4. Sonos will automatically look for any compatible speakers for its system. Tap the one you wish to set up (or, if setting up multiple speakers, the device you wish to set up first).

  5. Locate the pairing button (on older models, it may be a combination of buttons) on your Sonos device and press it, then release.

  6. After the device connects (you may need to enter your Wi-Fi network name and password), press Next.
  7. Choose the room where you’d like to set up your Sonos speaker.
  8. Press Next.

Your speaker is now set up with the Sonos system. Press Add another speaker (and return to step one of “Add a new speaker”) to set up an additional one.

Finish the setup process

After you’ve connected all your speakers, you’ll have to finish setting them up.

  1. If your Sonos products need updates, you’ll be prompted to update your speakers. Press Next to begin the update process.
  2. Press Continue after the update process is complete. Your Sonos products will then automatically register to your account.
  3. Tap Continue to use Sonos’s Trueplay tuning process.

    Note: Only certain phones support Trueplay; if your device doesn’t support it, you’ll see an error and an OK dialogue; you can set up Trueplay later at any point with a compatible device.

  4. If you have an Alexa-enabled Sonos speaker, see set up Sonos and Alexa below.
  5. Tap Done to complete the setup process.

Set up Sonos and Alexa

  1. If your Sonos speaker supports Amazon Alexa, you’ll be asked to set up Alexa by tapping Sign in to Amazon.
  2. Enter your Amazon credentials and press Sign in.
  3. Tap I agree.
  4. Press Continue.
  5. If you have non-Alexa Sonos speakers as part of this system, you can have Alexa recognize them all by saying “Alexa, discover my devices” to your Alexa-enabled Sonos speaker.
  6. Switch to the Alexa app on your iPhone.
  7. Tap the hamburger menu icon in the upper left corner.
  8. Tap Skills.
  9. Under Search all skills, type Sonos.
  10. Tap Enable Skill.

Set up Sonos and Siri

If you have an AirPlay 2 supported Sonos speaker, you can also set it up to receive requests from Siri. You can connect Siri to Sonos using the Home app.

How to set up your Sonos Speaker with the Home app for Siri support

How to add Apple Music or another music streaming service to your Sonos Speaker

You can stream music directly from Apple Music to an AirPlay 2 supported speaker. Whether you use Apple Music or another music streaming service, Sonos supports dozens of them. Here’s how to find and add them to your Sonos speaker.

  1. Launch the Sonos Controller app.
  2. Tap More in the bottom right corner of the app.
  3. Tap Add Music Services.

    Launch the Sonos Controller app, then tap More, then tap Add Music Service

  4. Tap the streaming service you want to add.
  5. Tap Add to Sonos.
  6. Tap the button to connect the service (it will read log in or set up or something like that).

    Select a music service, then tap Add to Sonos, then tap the button to connect to the service

  7. Authorize the streaming service with your account credentials.
  8. If you’ve left the Sonos app to log in, go back to the Sonos app and tap Continue to complete the process.

    Enter your login credentials and Tap Continue

How to play a streaming service on your Sonos speakers

If you want to stream music from Apple Music, podcasts from Overcast, or audiobooks from Audible, you can select the streaming service and browse content from there.

  1. Launch the Sonos Controller app.
  2. Tap the Browse tab.
  3. Select the streaming service you want to use.

    Launch the Sonos app, tap Browse, then select a music service

  4. Select content you want to stream.
  5. Tap play Now.

    Select the content you want to stream, then tap Play Now

How to add content to My Sonos in the Sonos app

You can also add songs, albums, playlists, audiobooks, radio stations, and more directly to your Sonos app. It’s like favoriting content so you can find it easier later on. When you add something to My Sonos, it will appear in the My Sonos dashboard in the Sonos Controller app.

  1. Launch the Sonos Controller app.
  2. Tap the Browse tab.
  3. Select the streaming service you want to use.

    Launch the Sonos app, tap Browse, then select a music service

  4. Select content you want to add to My Sonos.
  5. Tap the More button next to the content. It looks like three dots.
  6. Tap Add to My Sonos.

    Tap the More button, then tap Add to My Sonos

Note: You can’t add songs from the iTunes library on your iPhone to My Sonos.

How to play music from your iTunes Library on your Sonos speakers

  1. Launch the Sonos Controller app.
  2. Tap the Browse tab.
  3. Tap On this iPhone.

    Launch the Sonos app, then tap Browse, then tap On this iPhone

  4. Tap a category from playlists, artists, albums, genres, songs, compilations, composers, and podcasts.
  5. Select the content you want to play. If it’s an individual song, podcast, or audiobook it will begin playing.
  6. If you select a playlist or album, tap play all to begin playing it immediately.
  7. Tap the more button (it looks like three dots) if you want to play next, add to end of the queue or replace the current queue with it.

    Select the content, then tap the More button, then select when you want to play it

You can also browse more music from a specific artist or get album info by tapping More.

How to search for music in the Sonos app

Once you have all your music services linked to the Sonos Controller app, you can search through them all with ease to find any of the music you like.

  1. Launch the Sonos Controller app.
  2. Tap the search button. It’s the magnifying glass at the bottom of the screen.
  3. Tap on the category you would like to search. The options are as follows:
    • Artists
    • Songs
    • Albums
    • Playlists
    • Stations
    • Genres
    • Composers
    • Hosts
    • Podcasts & Shows
  4. Type your search into the search field.
  5. Tap the item you want to play.
  6. Tap when you want to play the item. Your options are as follows:

    • Play Now: This will play the item immediately.
    • Play Next: This will play the item after what’s currently playing.
    • Add to Queue: This will place the item at the end of the current list of songs.
    • Replace Queue: This will play the item after the current song and remove all other songs after it in the list.
    • More: This option lets you browse more music from the artist and get album info.

Questions?

Let us know in the comments!

Updated August 2018: Updated steps to reflect changes in the Sonos Controller app.

Serenity Caldwell contributed to an earlier version of this guide.

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Apple Watch and Activity: Everything you need to know | iMore


Apple Watch and Activity: Everything you need to know

Apple Watch and activity tracking: what you need to know!

The fitness tracking on Apple Watch goes beyond just counting steps or tracking calories, instead focusing more on your overall health, differentiating between movement and actual exercise, and encouraging you to stand more than you already might. Performing the activities suggested by your Apple Watch helps fill up those rings in the Activity app, but how does Apple measure all of that, anyway? Well not to worry, we’ve got you covered right here.

Here, you’ll find absolutely everything you need to know about the Apple Watch and activity tracking, from how to set it up and sharing activities to starting workouts.

  • The Rings
  • Health, Workout, and Activity
  • Third-party fitness apps
  • How to set up Activity for your Apple Watch
  • How to set goals and track your progress with Activity on Apple Watch
  • How to set up and use Activity Sharing
  • How to mute Activity reminders
  • How to track and manage workout sessions with Apple Watch
  • How to customize workouts in the Workout app for Apple Watch

Let’s start with what the Activity app actually does, what it tells you, and what kind of data it collects.

The Rings

Activity app

The Stand, Exercise, and Move rings make up the central display for your overall activity as captured by your Apple Watch. Scrolling down in the Activity app on your watch will show you an hour-by-hour breakdown of your activity for each (when you’ve moved, when you’ve recorded exercise minutes, and when you’ve stood).

Stand

This one seems pretty easy. You fill the stand ring by standing up for one minute an hour in 12 separate hours. What this ring and the alert that comes with it are actually telling you is that you haven’t moved in a little while. So when your Apple Watch notifies you that it’s time to stand, don’t just stand up and stay still, but walk around a little bit. Take a short stroll around your office, or if you’re at home, go check the mail.

Exercise

This ring tracks a specific kind of activity. Apple defines exercise as anything equivalent to a brisk walk or more that raises your heart rate consistently. Apple monitors your heart rate and your movement data to make sure you’re actually exercising, and you can track workouts using the Workout app on your Apple Watch. Additionally, you can feed workout data into the Activity app using third-party workout apps that support this feature, meaning you can use all of the features provided to you by your favorite workout app while still filling the Exercise ring.

One thing to note about the Apple Watch’s exercise measurements is that, as you more, they will change over time. So the same activities that would potentially help you close your Exercise ring when you first got your Apple Watch may only get you part of the way there after months or even years of consistent activity. The Apple Watch learns your habits, and will consistently push you to go further.

Move

This ring shows how many calories you’ve burned throughout the day. It takes into account everything from motion to heart rate data, but it represents your total movement in a 24-hour period, not just exercise. You work towards a calorie goal that you set, and as you continue to wear your Apple Watch, it will be better able to measure how you burn those calories.

Health, Workout, and Activity

Health, Workout, Activity

The Health app on iPhone, Workout app on Apple Watch, and Activity apps on both are separate and have distinct functions, but can work together to offer a detailed picture of your overall health.

Health

The central repository for all of the information your Apple devices have collected about your health. The data in the Health app includes the activity data collected by your Apple Watch, included Stand, Exercise, and Move data.

With your permission, the app can accept data from third-party apps, and you can also let those apps import your health data as well, to better help them tailor workouts to you. As long as you have granted access to read and write data to any third-party apps of your choice, the data they provide will become part of the overall picture of your health.

Workout app

This is the default app for tracking workouts, comes built-in with every Apple Watch, and exists solely on the watch. The data from this app feeds into the Health app on your iPhone, covering all sorts of activities, such as indoor and outdoor walks and runs, cycling, elliptical machines, rowing, hiking, and more. This is the data that will most likely go into your Exercise ring.

Activity app

Existing on both the Apple Watch and iPhone, the Activity app keeps detailed records (more on the iPhone than the watch, admittedly) of each day’s activity. Using the iPhone app, you can explore your activity for each day that you’ve worn your Apple Watch, getting breakdowns of how and when you burned calories, looking at exact details of each workout, and exploring your past achievements and achievements still to come.

Third-party fitness apps

Third-party apps

Whether you use Pedometer++ to track your steps or Runkeeper to track more intense workouts, third-party fitness apps on the Apple Watch have come a long way since the device debuted in 2015. These apps can contribute to your Exercise ring on your watch and send and read detailed workout data from the Health app on your iPhone.

With this knowledge in hand, it’s time to actually get activity tracking set up.

How to set up Activity on your Apple Watch

After syncing the Apple Watch, you will have a chance to set up Activity through your iPhone.

  1. Launch the Activity app from your iPhone’s Home screen.
  2. Tap Set up Activity.
  3. Enter your personal information.

    Launch the Activities app, tap set up activity and enter your personal information.

  4. Tap Continue.
  5. Set your Daily Move Goal. You can use the plus and minus signs to adjust.
  6. Tap Set Move Goal.

    Tap continue, set your daily move goal and tap set move goal.

Once you’ve got Activity set up, there’s a lot you can do with it, whether its keeping track of fitness goals or sharing your workouts with others for some friendly competition.

How to set goals and track your progress with Activity on Apple Watch

Set goals and track progress

Goal-setting is the key to measuring success and the Activity app on your Apple Watch lets you quickly see your progress towards your goals at any time. The three areas your Apple Watch tracks — move, stand, and exercise — are each represented by a colored ring in the Activity app. The closer you get to completing a specific goal, the closer the ring will get to completing itself. Apple Watch also lets you scroll down to view a little bit more of a data breakdown if you choose.

How to set up and use Activity Sharing

Activity Sharing

If you like to work out with friends or find a little healthy competition between you and someone else, the Activity app can help you out. When you enable Sharing on your iPhone and Apple Watch, other people can view your progress and compare and challenge themselves to work out as hard or harder than you, and even send you taunting messages along the way.

How to mute Activity reminders

Mute Activity Reminders

With the Activity app, you will get daily — often hourly — alerts reminding you to stand up, get moving, and do a bit more exercising to meet your goals. Sometimes though, you’re stuck in a car, on an airplane, or otherwise stationary for hours and hours and just can’t do your routine. You can silence these reminders altogether or even just for a day.

How to use Workout on Apple Watch

How to use Workout

The Workout app that is built into your Apple Watch lets you track a lot of common workout types from outdoor running and walking to indoor stationary equipment such as an elliptical. Starting a workout is easy. When you’re done your workout, it will automatically be logged in not only the Workout app but the Activity app and the Health app on your iPhone.

How to customize workouts in the Workout app for Apple Watch

Customize Workouts

By default, your Apple Watch will show you some different metrics during a workout. Things like duration, heart rate, distance, calories burned, and more, can all be displayed during a workout. You if want to change what metrics you see during your workouts, you can head over to the Apple Watch app on your iPhone and customize it to your liking.

How to Convert .bin and .cue to ISO on Mac


How to Convert .bin and .cue to ISO on Mac

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Every once in a while you may encounter .bin and .cue files, or a cue/bin cue sheet, of a disk image, often when downloading old Mac software (or even DOS, Windows, Linux) for a retro machine, for an audio or video disc, or just as a disk image of something. Mac users therefore may need to convert that bin and cue file into an ISO file for usage elsewhere, whether it’s for a virtual machine or even burning the ISO to a disc.

This article is going to demonstrate how you can convert a .bin and .cue file into a .iso file on the Mac.


We’re going to be using a free tool called binchunker to convert the bin and cue files to an iso. binchunker is a command line tool, so you will need some comfort in and basic knowledge of the command line to achieve the bin/cue to iso conversion. While there are various downloads of binchunker available as precompiled binaries, we’re going to instead recommend using Homebrew to install it onto a Mac, Homebrew is also free and easily installed in macOS or Mac OS X. If you come across binchunker through other means as a prebuilt binary, the command usage for converting bin and cue to iso is the same.

How to Convert a .bin and .cue to ISO in Mac OS

As mentioned, we’ll be using Homebrew to install binchunker, so if you have not done so yet you can install Homebrew first before proceeding, and then you can install binchunker by issuing the following brew command:

brew install bchunk

After binchunker is successfully installed on the Mac, you can then convert the .bin and .cue into an iso file with the following command syntax:

bchunk Input.bin Input.cue Output.iso

Hit return and the conversion will begin, wait until it completes (obviously) before attempting to use the iso file.

For a practical syntax example, if we have a set of .bin and .cue files named as “MacUtilities1998.bin” and “MacUtilities1998.cue” located on the Desktop, and you want to convert those into a single iso file named “MacUtilities1998.iso”, you would use the following command syntax:

bchunk ~/Desktop/MacUtilities1998.bin ~/Desktop/MacUtilities1998.cue ~/Desktop/MacUtilities98.iso

You can also run bchunk without any conditions to get more information about the command and it’s options.

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Once your iso has completed conversion from the origin .bin/cue files, you can mount the iso image, or burn the .iso file from the Mac Finder, or if you’re on an older version of system software you can burn an .iso directly in Disk Utility for Mac OS X, though it’s important to remember that feature was removed from modern versions of Disk Utility which is why the Finder is necessary instead. Whether you mount or burn the iso is up to you and what you need to use it for.

There are other options for managing .bin and .cue files on the Mac as well, including the Roxio Toast app which was quite commonplace on many older Macs with disc drives, so if you’re working with an older machine it’s worth seeing if you have that app laying around. And if you happen to be trying to work with a bin/cue file for Windows, then the utility known as Daemon Tools can mount a .bin and .cue file as well as other disk images, making it helpful if you’re eventually working with a Windows PC anyway.

By the way if the only reason you installed bitchunker was for a one time usage, you can removing the package from Homebrew after you’re finished with it, though there’s little harm to leaving binchunker installed, and if you plan on converting additional bin and cue files into .iso you will likely want to leave it installed. Binchunker can also convert a bin/cue file to a cdr file, which can be helpful as well.

If you want to learn more about bitchunker, or you’d rather download the source and compile it from scratch, then check out the bchunk github or chunk homepage.

And if you have any other solutions, recommendations, or helpful tips pertaining to converting bin and cue files into ISO on the Mac, share them with us in the comments below!

Backing up your Raspberry Pi SD card on Mac. The simple way.


Backing up your Raspberry Pi SD card on Mac. The simple way.

It’s very easy to burn an SD card by writing to it too many times. Or irreversibly fuckup your configuration by doing what sudoer should not do. Cloning your SD card, as an image that you can flash on a new card when you need it, is the perfect backup strategy.

Update 1: Some readers reported that this tutorial does not always work with the Raspberry Pi model 3B. I’ve not been able to personally test, so please be aware.

Update 2: This tutorial just backup the boot partition, not the entire SD card. If you want to backup the entire SD card, you have to do some extra steps via command line. Here a complete guide.

Insert the SD card inside your mac. Open Disk Utility app and select the partition you want to backup inside the Raspberry Pi SD card.

Select the partition you want to backup inside the Raspberry Pi SD card

Then select File > New Image > Image from “boot”.

Create an image of the partition

Select DVD/CD master from the Format menu, then Save. This will create a cdr file, which is the mac version of the iso file.

Done! You’ve created a complete clone/backup of your RPi SD card.

Restore your backup

Sometimes in the future you will have to eventually restore this backup. How to do that? Simple, restore the the backup file with with your favourite app. On MacOS I suggest you to use the Etcher app.

Before opening Etcher, you need to rename the file, replacing the .cdr extension with .iso extension.

Done again.

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Remove Pop-up Ads, Redirects, or Virus from Apple Mac OS (Guide)


Remove Pop-up Ads, Redirects, or Virus from Apple Mac OS (Guide)

Adware, browser hijackers and potentially unwanted programs are these days able to infected the Apple Mac OS operating system. This type of infections are designed specifically to make money. They generate web traffic, collects sales leads for other dubious sites, and will display advertisements and sponsored links within your web browser.

Popup Ads on Macmalwaretips.com/blogs/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/Popup-Ads-on-Mac-300×152.jpg 300w” sizes=”(max-width: 1024px) 100vw, 1024px” class=”clear” style=”max-width: 100%; margin: 0.5em auto; display: block; height: auto; clear: both;”>

Unfortunately, some free downloads do not adequately disclose that other software will also be installed and you may find that you have installed adware on your Mac OS without your knowledge. The type of potentially unwanted programs are typically added when you install another free software that had bundled into their installation this adware program.

When your Mac OS is infected with malware, you will experience the following symptoms:

  • Advertising banners are injected with the web pages that you are visiting.
  • Random web page text is turned into hyperlinks.
  • Browser popups appear which recommend fake updates or other software.
  • Other unwanted adware programs might get installed without the user’s knowledge.

You should always pay attention when installing software because often, a software installer includes optional installs. Be very careful what you agree to install.
Always opt for the custom installation and deselect anything that is not familiar, especially optional software that you never wanted to download and install in the first place.
It goes without saying that you should not install software that you don’t trust.

How to remove adware and browser hijackers from Apple Mac OS

This malware removal guide may appear overwhelming due to the amount of the steps and numerous programs that are being used. We have only written it this way to provide clear, detailed, and easy to understand instructions that anyone can use to remove malware for free.
Please perform all the steps in the correct order. If you have any questions or doubt at any point, STOP and ask for our assistance.

To remove Pop-up Ads, Redirects, or Virus from Apple Mac OS, follow these steps:

  • STEP 1: Uninstall the malicious apps from your Mac OS
  • STEP 2: Remove unwanted extensions from your browser
  • STEP 3: Scan and clean your device with Malwarebytes Anti-Malware for Mac

STEP 1: Uninstall the malicious apps from your Mac OS

In this first step, we will try to identify and remove any malicious program that might be installed on your machine. The bellow video will explain how to remove any malicious program from your machine.

Known malicious apps: MacSaver, MacVX (and variants like MacVaX), MacCaptain, MacPriceCut, SaveOnMac, Mac Global Deals or MacDeals, MacSter, MacXcoupon, Shop Brain (or variants like SShoP Braaiin), PalMall, MacShop, MacSmart, News Ticker Remover, Shopper Helper Pro, Photo Zoom, Best YouTube Downloader, ArcadeYum, Extended protection, Video download helper, FlashFree or GoldenBoy.

The malicious app may have a different name on your device. If you cannot find any unwanted apps on your device, then you can proceed with the next step.



STEP 2: Remove unwanted extensions from your browser

  • Safari
  • Google Chrome
  • Mozilla Firefox
  1. From the Safari menu, select “Preferences“.
    Safari Mac OS Preferences
    In the Safari Preferences window, click the “Extensions” tab. Find any unknown plugin, then click on the “Uninstall” button.

    This infection can add more than one extension, it is recommended that you remove all unknown extensions from Safari.
    Known malicious extensions: MacSaver, MacVX (and variants like MacVaX), MacCaptain, MacPriceCut, SaveOnMac, Mac Global Deals or MacDeals, MacSter, MacXcoupon, Shop Brain (or variants like SShoP Braaiin), PalMall, MacShop, MacSmart, News Ticker Remover, Shopper Helper Pro, Photo Zoom, Best YouTube Downloader, ArcadeYum, Extended protection, Video download helper, FlashFree or GoldenBoy.

    Delete malwaretips.com/blogs/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/remove-extension-safari-300×255.png 300w” sizes=”(max-width: 782px) 100vw, 782px” style=”max-width: 100%; margin: 0.5em auto; display: block; height: auto;” class=””>

  2. Next, select “Preferences“, go to the “General” tab and change the “Default Search Engine” to Google. Then, in the “General” tab, find the “Home Page” and change it to “google.com”.Remove malwaretips.com/blogs/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/safari-hijack-290×290.jpg 290w, malwaretips.com/blogs/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/safari-hijack-300×300.jpg 300w” sizes=”(max-width: 560px) 100vw, 560px” style=”max-width: 100%; margin: 0.5em auto; display: block; height: auto;” class=””>


STEP 3: Scan and clean your device with Malwarebytes Anti-Malware for Mac

If you are still experiencing issues on your Mac OS, we will need to perform a system scan with Malwarebytes Anti-Malware for Mac for malware.
This step should be performed only if your issues have not been solved by the previous steps.

Malwarebytes Anti-Malware for Mac is a powerful tool which is designed to remove adware and browser hijackers from Apple Mac OS.

  1. You can download Malwarebytes Anti-Malware for Mac from the below link:
    MALWAREBYTES ANTI-MALWARE FOR MAC DOWNLOAD LINK (This link will open a new web page from where you can download “Malwarebytes Anti-Malware for Mac”)
  2. One you have downloaded Malwarebytes Anti-Malware for Mac, click on the “Scan” button to start a system check-up.
    Scan with Malwarebytes for Macmalwaretips.com/blogs/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/malwarebytes-mac-300×278.jpg 300w” sizes=”(max-width: 558px) 100vw, 558px” style=”max-width: 100%; margin: 0.5em auto; display: block; height: auto;” class=””>
  3. When the scan has completed, click on the “Remove Selected Items” to remove all the malware that Malwarebytes has detected.
    Malwarebytes For Mac Removalmalwaretips.com/blogs/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/Malwarebytes-For-Mac-Removal-300×233.png 300w” sizes=”(max-width: 432px) 100vw, 432px” style=”max-width: 100%; margin: 0.5em auto; display: block; height: auto;” class=””>

Your device should be now malware free. If you are still experiencing problems while trying to remove adware from your Mac OS, please ask for help in our Malware Removal Assistance for Mac forum.

How to remove a virus from Mac


Got a virus on your Mac? Here’s how to remove it

You may have heard it’s said that Macs don’t get viruses. That there’s no Apple virus. You may even have said it yourself. Sadly, it’s not true. Sure, there aren’t as many viruses on the Mac as there are on, say, Windows. But they do exist. And, it’s not just viruses you have to be wary of. There are all sorts of different forms of malware, from bits of code that download themselves and show you adverts for things you have no interest in, to really nasty bugs that steal your personal data.

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How do I know if my Mac has a virus?

Before you remove a virus from a Mac, you need to be sure it actually has one. We’ve covered that in more detail in this article but here are a few pointers.

  • Your Mac starts behaving erratically and doing things you don’t expect;
  • Your Mac starts running very slowly, as if something is hogging the processor;
  • You start seeing adverts on your desktop;
  • You find software or applications you didn’t install.

These symptoms may mean your Mac has a virus, although there could be other explanations.

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How to remove a virus from a Mac

Thankfully, there are lots of ways to do it. And Mac virus removal doesn’t have to cost money. 

1. Delete browser extensions

One of the most common types of malware comes in the form of browser extensions. Even extensions that aren’t particularly malicious can be annoying, and if you didn’t deliberately install them, they’re malware. Here’s how to get rid of unwanted browser extensions.

The manual way

Safari

  1. Launch Safari.
  2. Click in the Safari menu in the menu bar and choose Preferences.
  3. Click on the Extensions tab, look down the list and click on any extensions that look suspicious. Read the description of the extension. If you don’t remember installing it, click Uninstall.
  4. Repeat until you’ve removed all the extensions you don’t want.

Chrome

  1. Launch Chrome.
  2. Click on the Chrome menu and choose Preferences.
  3. Click on the three vertical dots at the top right of the browser window (if you’re logged into a Google account, they’ll be under your name)
  4. Hover over More Tools and choose Extensions from the menu that appears.
  5. Look over the extensions in the browser window and click Remove on any that you don’t recognise.

Firefox

  1. Launch Firefox.
  2. Click on Tools in the menu bar.
  3. Choose Extensions from the left hand side of the window.
  4. Check the extensions and click Remove on any you don’t recognise.

The easy way

That seems like quite a lot of effort, right? Thankfully, there is an easier way to remove browser extensions from your Mac. And it works for both Chrome and Safari. CleanMyMac 3 is a brilliant tool for getting rid of all sorts of unwanted files on your Mac and it makes it really easy to remove browser extensions. Here’s how.

  1. Launch CleanMyMac.
  2. Click on Extensions.
  3. Click on either Safari or Chrome.
  4. Check the box next to the extensions you don’t recognise.
  5. Click Remove.

remove-chrome-extensions-easy-way

2. Uninstall apps

Malware comes in lots of different forms. And it even comes disguised as security software to help you get rid of viruses! Devious, huh?

If you’ve inadvertently downloaded an app that turns out to be a virus, you need to uninstall it immediately. There are a couple of ways to do this. Here’s the hard way.

  1. Go to your applications folder and drag the app to the Trash.
  2. Go to your ~/Library folder and look in the Application support folder for any files related to the app and drag those to the Trash.
  3. Look in the other folders in ~/Library, especially Launch Agents and Launch Daemons and remove any files related to the app from there. But be careful, if you remove files used by legitimate app you could cause lots of problems.
  4. Repeat Step 3 for your Mac’ main Library folder.

The easy way: Uninstall apps in a few clicks

  1. Download and launch CleanMyMac.
  2. Click Uninstaller.
  3. Check the box next to the application name.
  4. Click Uninstall.

uninstall-apps-easy-way

If you don’t know the name of the application, it’s more difficult. But if you use CleanMyMac, all you have to do is scroll through the list of applications and look for any you don’t recognise or don’t need and remove them. CleanMyMac removes every trace of an app, including files that you may overlook when you remove applications manually. This is particularly important for viruses, so it’s much better to use CleanMyMac.

3. Use an antivirus tool

While the above steps work very well in lots of cases, sometimes the Mac virus removal means using a dedicated antivirus application to scan and remove malware from your Mac.

There are lots of these applications available, and many of them are either free or allow you to at the very least scan your Mac for free to find out whether you need to take action. Be careful, however. It’s important to choose a tool from a reputable vendor. If you just Google ‘Mac antivirus tool’ some of the results near the top of the listings may well be for tools that are themselves malicious and instead of removing viruses from your Mac will infect it. Here are some reputable Mac antivirus tools:

  • Avast Free Mac Security
  • AVG Antivirus for Mac
  • BitDefender Antivirus for Mac
  • Kaspersky Internet Security for Mac
  • Intego Mac Premium Bundle X9

One common way that viruses embed themselves on your Mac is by putting files in the Launch Agents and Launch Daemons folders so they launch automatically. You can remove them manually, but if you delete the wrong file, you could create a problem for another, legitimate, application. CleanMyMac has a dedicated tool to remove Launch Agents and is much safer than doing so manually.

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How to get rid of virus on a Macbook Pro (or any other Mac) if all else fails

If you’ve run through all the steps above and are still having problems trying to remove a virus from a Mac, the next step is to restore from a Time Machine backup. The benefit of restoring from Time Machine is that you can do it quickly and easily by booting into the recovery partition and you can choose to backup to a state just before your Mac started behaving erratically.

The downside of this option is that any work you’ve done since the backup you restore from will be lost. You could manually copy files from your Mac to another drive or cloud storage service before you restore and then copy them back afterwards. However, if one of those files is infected, you risk contaminating your Mac all over again. If there are documents you really need and that aren’t backed up elsewhere, use one of the antivirus tools above to run a scan on them before you copy them to another disk. That way you’ll know they’re safe.

Here’s how to restore from a Time Machine backup

  1. Make sure you’re connected to your Time Machine backup drive.
  2. Restart your Mac, holding down the Command and R keys until you see the Apple logo. When the macOS Utilities screen appears, choose Restore from a Time Machine Backup. Click Continue.
  3. Choose the last backup before your Mac started misbehaving or you suspect you were infected with a virus.
restore-from-time-machine-backup

Your Mac will now return to the state it was in when you made that backup.

If you don’t have a Time Machine backup to restore from, the last resort is to reinstall macOS. This is a ground-zero approach. You’ll need to wipe your startup drive completely clean and start again. That means re-installing all your applications and copying all your data back to your Mac afterwards. If you have a recent backup of your data, from before your Mac became infected, you can use that to copy data from after you re-install. If not, you’ll need to back up important files now — but scan them with an antivirus tool first to make sure they’re not infected.

To perform a clean install of macOS, you’ll need a bootable installer disk. Creating one is beyond the scope of this article, but there is a comprehensive guide here

Once you’ve made your bootable installer, plug it into your Mac, go to System Preferences, choose Startup Disk and select the disk you just plugged in. Restart your Mac, holding down Command-R and do the following:

  1. When the macOS Utilities screen appears, select Reinstall a new copy of macOS. Click Continue and then Continue again when the next window appears.
  2. Agree to the terms and conditions and select your Mac’s internal disk.
  3. Click Install. Wait for your Mac to restart.
  4. Your Mac will startup as if it’s a new Mac and you’ll need to go through the process of setting it up from scratch.
  5. Once you’ve set it up, copy back the files you need from the backup and that you know aren’t infected.

As you can see, there are many different ways to remove a virus from a Mac, depending on how badly infected it is and what kind of virus it is. The main thing to remember is if you suspect your Mac is infected, don’t worry. It can be fixed!


These might also interest you:


Facebooks skræmmende metoder: Sådan snager de i dine data


Facebooks skræmmende metoder: Sådan snager de i dine data

Facebook sporer dig på måder, du slet ikke havde forestillet dig. I et svar til den amerikanske Kongres redegør Facebook for alle de ting de holder øje med, når man bruger Facebook.


Illustration: Dessin de Tjeerd Royaards, Cartoon Movement, Pays-Bas)

Facebook har i et svar til den amerikanske Kongres afsløret de mange måder, de overvåger folk, som bruger deres platform på, skriver Business Insider.

Ud over, at holde øje med hvor meget tid man bruger på sitet, eller hvilke ting man køber gennem Facebook, holder de også øje med en række mindre åbenlyse ting.

  • Facebook gemmer dine musebevægelser, og bruger dem til at bedømme, om du er et ægte menneske. Googles Recaptcha-system fungerer på samme måde
  • Facebook holder øje med, om Facebook-vinduet er i fokus, også for at vurdere om du er et menneske
  • Facebook samler store mængder data om din enhed, så som batteriniveau, signalstyrke og lagerplads
  • Facebook undersøger hvilket mobilselskab du har, din internetudbyder, din IP-adresse, informationer om dine cookies, tidszone og hvor hurtigt dit internet er.
  • Nogle gange overvåger Facebook hvilke andre enheder, der er på samme netværk
  • Signaler fra omkringliggende wifi-netværk, mobilmaster og BlueTooth-enheder overvåges også af Facebook
  • Facebook har adgang til din GPS-position, kameradata og billeder, hvis ikke indstillingerne er sat til at forhindre det.
    Det er måske en af de mest opsigtsvækkende adgange, som Facebook har. I dokumentet beskrives det sådan:
    Data from device settings: information a user allows us to receive through device settings they turn on, such as access to their GPS location, camera, or photos.
  • Facebook samler også data om hvad du laver online og offline, og hvad du køber fra tredje parter, inklusive din brug af spil og andre apps
Tips og korrekturforslag til denne historie sendes til tip@version2.dk” style=”color: rgb(65, 110, 210); max-width: 100%;” class=””>tip@version2.dk

How to get the official Apple user guide for free


Apple Watch: How to get the official Apple user guide for free

Whether you’re new to Apple Watch, or just enjoy having the official user guide from Apple as a reference, having it on hand can be useful for yourself in addition to helping others.

Apple makes the official user guides for its devices available for free in digital formats. You can find physical copies from various third-parties ranging from around $10-$20 on Amazon, but the free official Apple Watch guide has some benefits.

Aside from being the official guide from Apple, it is updated over time as the company releases new software and changes come to Apple Watch. Another big benefit is that the Apple Books guide is quickly searchable.

Apple Watch: How to get the official Apple user guide for free

  1. Follow the corresponding link to the free official user guide for Apple Watch
  2. You can download the free Apple Books user guide on Mac, iPhone, or iPad
  3. After clicking the link above, follow the prompts to download the free user guide with Apple Books

Follow along with the walkthrough below for more specifics:

After following the link to the free user guide, tap Get and then Read to open it as shown above.

On iPad and iPhone, you can swipe to turn pages, don’t forget to tap the screen to use the handy table of contents at search feature up top.

While it’s often handy to have these user guides downloaded to your device, you can also use the web versions.

For more help getting the most out of your Apple devices, check out our how to guide as well as the following articles:


Check out 9to5Mac on YouTube for more Apple news: